Imām Abū Bakr Muĥammad ibn al-Ĥusayn al-Ājuriy is a famous muĥaddith and jurist from the fourth century after Hegira. He was born and grew up in the western part of Baghdād named Darb al-Ájurr, hence the appellation. Ibn Khallikān says: ‘He was a Shāfiýī jurist and a muĥaddith; he is the author of the famous book Al-Arbaýīn. He was a righteous and a pious man.’ Dhahabi says about him: ‘The Imām, the muhaddith; he was the Imām of the grand mosque in Makkah [Imām al-ĥaram]; a truthful, charitable and a pious man; a man of exemplary character.’

His teachers:

    – Imām Abū Muslim Ibrāhīm al-Başrī al-Kajjī (d.292 AH)
    – Imām Abu’l Ábbās Aĥmed ibn Sahl al-Ashnāni (d.307 AH)
    – Imām Abū Ábdullāh Aĥmed ibn al-Ĥasan (210-306 AH)
    – Imām Jáafar ibn Muĥammad al-Firyābī (207-301 AH)
    – Imām Abū Jáafar Aĥmed ibn Yaĥyā al-Bajali (d.296 AH)
    – Imām Yaĥyā ibn Zanjway ibn Mūsā al-Qaţţān (d.304 AH)
    – Imām Abū’l Qāsim Ábdullāh ibn Muĥammad al-Baghawi (214-317 AH)
    – Imām Abū Muĥammad Khalaf ibn Ámr al-Úkbarī (206-296 AH)
    – Imām Abū Bakr Ábdullāh ibn Sulaymān as-Sajistāni (230-316 AH) the son of Imām Abū Dāwūd, the author of the famous ‘Sunan’.

His prominent students:

    – Imām Abū Nuáym al-Aşbahānī (336-425 AH), the famous muĥaddith and the author of Hilyatu’l Awliyā.
    – Imām Abū’l Qāsim ábd al-Malik ibn Bishrān (339-430 AH)
    – Imām Abū’l Ĥusayn Álī ibn Bishrān (338-415 AH)
    – Imām Abū Muĥammad ábd ar-Raĥmān al-Māliki al-Bazzāz (323-416 AH)

Some of his works:

    Akhlāq Ahl al-Qur’ān
    Akhbār Úmar ibn Ábdu’l Ázīz
    Kitāb al-Arbaýīn
    Taĥrīm an-Nard wa’sh Shaţranj wa’l Malāhī
    Ash-Sharīáh
    Kitab at-Taşdīq bi’n Nažr ila’llāhi táālā

It is said that he went to Makkah once and he liked it very much there. He said: ‘O Allāh, let me stay here for an year’ and he heard someone say: ‘rather, for thirty years.’ Thus he stayed there for thirty years until he passed away in Muĥarram, 360 AH. Abū Bakr al-Khaţib [Baghdādi] says, ‘I saw this written on his tombstone [balāţah] in Makkah.’